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Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility

What is Obstetrics and Gynecology?

Obstetrics and gynaecology are two medical specialties that focus on the female reproductive system in two ways. Women of various ages come to Virginia Beach OBGYN for care, whether they are expecting a child or have reached menopause. 

Obstetrics is concerned with the treatment of pregnant women, their unborn children, labour and delivery, and the postpartum period. The obstetrician ensures that mother and child receive the best prenatal care possible to ensure that labour and delivery go smoothly and that, if intervention is required, it is done quickly and safely. 

Gynecology is the study of diseases of the reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries, and vagina. Due to the strong relationship between female reproductive organs and the bowel, bladder, and urine system, a gynaecologist may also treat linked bowel, bladder, and urinary system disorders. 

After earning a general medical degree, obstetricians and gynaecologists must complete a minimum of four years of resident training. Both disciplines are intertwined, and most of these doctors treat patients in both fields. This is why these doctors’ office doors say OB/GYN on them. Obstetricians specialise on pregnancy and childbirth, whereas 90% of gynaecologists also deliver infants. 


Obstetrics is concerned with the health of the pregnant woman and her unborn child. Several issues can occur during pregnancy, including ectopic pregnancy (when the embryo is in the fallopian tube), foetal distress caused by compression, placental abnormalities, or high blood pressure, which can be a precursor to the fatal illness pre-eclampsia. 

The obstetrician is trained in these and other delivery difficulties, and ensures that both the mother and the baby are safely led through all stages of pregnancy and labour. An obstetrician is educated to handle any change that occurs throughout the natural, but sometimes complex process of childbirth, whether the baby is delivered vaginally or through a scheduled or emergency caesarian section. 

Following delivery, an obstetrician is responsible for the mother’s and child’s health, ensuring that both make the transition to normal life without the fatal problems that were prevalent a century ago and tragically still occur in third-world countries. 


Obstetrics is a medical speciality that has transformed pregnancy and childbirth into a life-changing experience that can be approached with confidence, knowing that modern medicine has made the process safe and predictable. 



While most gynaecologists are also obstetricians, gynaecology is concerned with all aspects of a woman’s reproductive health from puberty to menopause and beyond. 

Women visit their gynaecologist for a Pap test and pelvic exam once a year. Infections, pain or discomfort in the uterus, genitals, or breasts are some reasons a woman would visit her gynaecologist. Infertility concerns and contraception are also addressed by gynaecologists. 

Gynecology is the study and treatment of illnesses of the reproductive organs, such as ovarian, uterine, cervix, vaginal, and fallopian tube cancer. Prolapse of the pelvic organs is also treated by a gynaecologist. This is a syndrome that affects postmenopausal women who have decreased pelvic muscles and are unable to effectively support the uterus or bladder. 

Yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and unpleasant menstruation, painful intercourse, and other diseases associated with menopause, which may require surgery, are among the other ailments treated. 

Gynecology refers to surgical operations involving the female reproductive organs as well. 

What is Infertility?

Infertility is described as the inability to conceive (get pregnant) after one year (or more) of unprotected intercourse. Some doctors analyse and treat women aged 35 and older after 6 months of unprotected intercourse because fertility in women is known to drop with age. Women who are experiencing infertility should schedule an appointment with a reproductive endocrinologist, a doctor who specialises in infertility treatment. Reproductive endocrinologists may also be able to assist women who have had two or more spontaneous miscarriages in the past. Infertility does not necessarily affect women. Infertility affects both men and women, so it’s best if a couple seeks therapy together and supports one other throughout the process. You are not alone if you are experiencing infertility. 

Pregnancy is the end consequence of a multi-step process. To become pregnant, follow these steps: 

  • An egg must be released from one of a woman’s ovariesexternal symbol. 
  • Along the way, a man’s sperm must unite with the egg (fertilize). 
  • A fertilised egg must pass through a fallopianexternal symbol on its way to the uterus (womb). 
  • The embryo must adhere to the uterus’s inside (implantation). 

A difficulty with one or more of these processes can lead to infertility. 

Impaired fecundity is a type of infertility that affects women who have trouble getting pregnant or bringing a baby to term.