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Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the health and medical care of babies, children, and adolescents from birth to the age of eighteen. The name “paediatrics” comes from two Greek words: (pais = child) and (iatros = doctor or healer). Paediatrics is a new medical speciality that emerged in the mid-nineteenth century. The father of paediatrics is Abraham Jacobi (1830–1919). 

What is the role of a paediatrician? 

A paediatrician is a paediatrician who provides medical care to children who are acutely or chronically unwell, as well as preventative health services to children who are healthy. In both sickness and health, a paediatrician is responsible for the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of the children in their care. 

Pediatrics’ objectives 

The goal of paediatric research is to lower baby and child mortality rates, restrict infectious disease spread, promote healthy lifestyles for a long, illness-free life, and assist children and adolescents with chronic disorders. 

Paediatricians diagnose and treat a variety of illnesses in children, including the following: 

  • Injuries
  • Infections 
  • Congenital and genetic disorders 
  • Cancer, as well as illnesses and dysfunctions of the organs 

Paediatricians are concerned not only with the immediate care of the sick kid, but also with the long-term impact on quality of life, impairment, and survival. Paediatricians are involved in the prevention, early detection, and treatment of a variety of issues in children, including:- 

  • Delays and abnormalities in development 
  • behavioural issues 
  • Disabilities of function 
  • societal pressures 
  • Depression and anxiety disorders are examples of mental disorders. 

Working together with other experts 

Paediatrics is a team-oriented field. To help children with issues, paediatricians must collaborate with other medical specialists, healthcare providers, and paediatric subspecialists. 

What Distinguishes Paediatrics From Adult Medicine? 

Paediatrics differs from adult medicine in a number of ways. The physiological makeup of an infant, neonate, or child differs significantly from that of an adult. As a result, treating children isn’t the same as treating a little adult. 

Pediatricians are more concerned with congenital malformations, genetic variance, and developmental difficulties than physicians who treat adults. In addition, paediatrics has a number of legal difficulties. Children are minors, and in most jurisdictions, they are unable to make their own decisions. Every paediatric procedure should take into account guardianship, privacy, legal responsibility, and informed consent. 

Pediatric Subspecialties Include: 

  • cardiology in children 
  • Intensive care medicine 
  • endocrinology 
  • gastroenterology 
  • haematology 
  • neonatal medicine is the study of newborns. 
  • nephrology, and so on.